(Written by Elle Yi) Parenting styles have a definite influence on kids. It’s the attribute of parenting formed by personality, history, culture and goals. Parenting styles are surely will deliver each and every various result towards the kid’s behavior and psychological development in future ages. Therefore, many parents could be aware for the question: what type is most suited to my family?
4 parenting styles were identified by Diana Blumberg Baumrind, a developmental psychologist such authoritarian, authoritative, permissive and uninvolved parenting. The parenting styles were constructed with two dimensions including “maternal sensitivity” and “maternal expectations” for child self-control. Three parenting styles are often mentioned as below.
Three Parenting Styles:
1. Authoritarian: strict parents giving little chance for free play or exploration, punishing once the kid doesn’t respond and showing little affection to children.
Authoritarian child rearing refers to parents setting rules that kids are required to follow. Parents are extremely stringent, but not pretty delicate. This kind of moms and dads just rule depending on who has authority. Parents who display an authoritarian parenting style are less emotionally available to their kids. They are willing to place a high value on obedience for a very important thing and can use forceful measures to make certain that their child’s behavior is maintained constantly. Kids may perform reasonably well at school and may not display any behavioral problems as a result of authoritarian parenting. Children are generally unhappy with this type of parenting style. Kids are remaining to learn their values from others.
2. Authoritative: parents who consistently practice a balance of firmness and caring in their relationship with their children.
Authoritative, this parenting style is focused on educating kids to be responsible and consider the consequences of his choice. Children of authoritative parents appear well-adjusted, since their behaviors are considered ideal by many people in Western cultures: They listen respectfully to others, can follow rules once they reach school age, try to be independent, and focus on academic achievement. Kids are expected to follow the strict rules set with the mom and dad. Parents with authoritative parenting style usually laid down strict rules to be followed and they are always in control.
3. Permissive: lenient with their children, giving freedom outside and inside the home, using discipline infrequently and often show affection to the child.
Parents who follow permissive parenting style set them neither as a model for him to imitate nor as an active agent responsible for modifying their child’s behavior. Parents who display a permissive parenting style are typically inconsistent toward their kids when it comes to both discipline and emotional availability. Permissive parents, sometimes referred to as indulgent parents, have not many demands to make of their children. This parenting style is characterized by low demand with high responsiveness. Permissive parenting is a parenting style in which parents let their children do what they will.
Parenting styles have been studied by developmental psychologists since the 1920s. For instance, children raised by permissive parents are generally aggressive, whereas children of authoritarian parents tend to be submissive and have low self-esteem. In contrast to authoritarian parents, permissive parents give their children complete freedom and lacks discipline.
Parenting styles, no matter how unique from each other, all have one qualifying goal: children to nurture into successful adults. Parents are the first educators in their child’s lives and they have a huge responsibility in the initial years of teaching them right from wrong and helping them to learn how to become socially acceptable.
Parenting styles and their child outcomes have been studied for several decades. The parenting styles do not contain only one proper way in raising children. Parenting styles differ from family to family, and may even change from day to day within one family. Parenting styles are so varied in different cultures. Parents of all types, despite their ambitions, desire their children to grow into successful adults.
It is very essential for parents to figure out which approach works the best for their kids. Moms and dads are definitely more stimulating and forgiving instead of using punishment in cases of kids not meeting their expectations. Parents are tolerant and accepting toward child’s impulses, using as little punishment as possible.